Scholarly Search Engines

Library book collections, peer-reviewed journals, and online databases provide quality access to scholarly information, but the Internet also offers some reliable resources for academic research, including search engines tailored to scholars, as well as searchable directories of digital collections. Check out the following sites to supplement the scholarly material you have found in the library. See Website Evaluation 101 below for more help on using information from the web.

Google Scholar

A good starting point for citations, abstracts, and some full text, including journal articles, theses, and dissertations, books and meeting abstracts. Includes linked citation statistics for some works and preferences can be set to show items that may be available in the UR collection. Advanced search function retrieves by author, publication source, date, or specific subject areas.

Google Books

Search previews of books and some full text of out-of-copyright titles. Search terms are highlighted in results.


A merger of Internet Public Library and Librarians' Internet Index, ipl2 is an online community of volunteers dedicated to providing quality information to the Internet community. 

Mission statement: ipl2 is a global information community that provides in-service learning and volunteer opportunities for library and information science students and professionals, offers a collaborative research forum, and supports and enhances library services through the provision of authoritative collections, information assistance, and information instruction for the public.

A Compendium of Digital Collections

The Digital Collections Compendium, a project of the University of New Hampshire Library Digital Collections Initiative.

The guide includes brief descriptions of and links to digital collections (digital projects, digital initiatives, digital libraries, etc.) created by libraries, archives, government agencies, and other institutions. Projects included cover a wide variety of subjects and digital formats, but collections that are search-able, easy to navigate, contain primary sources, and allow unrestricted use of materials are given first consideration, although not all projects included will meet all of these criteria. This site is not meant to be exhaustive or comprehensive, but will grow to include additional digital collections over time.


Created by the University of Michigan with links to full text, image, audio, video and dataset digital collections. Sorts results by data contributor.

Digital Collections Online

Links to digital collections worldwide from the University of Connecticut.

Digital Collections Registry

1020 publicly accessible digital collections that are hosted by the partners of the Digital Library Federation (DLF). Varied searching and browsing options are available. Subject areas include art, science, literature, home economics, from all types of institutions such as museums, libraries, and historical societies.

Million Book Collection, Universal Digital Library

Ongoing global book-digitization project from Carnegie Mellon University, with advanced search options.

Website Evaluation

On the World Wide Web, scholarly researchers face the challenge of navigating and extracting useable information from over 100 million indexed sites and over 46 billion pages. Here are some signs of a good scholarly web resource:

Trusted URLs

.edu, .gov, .mil contain the most reliable and unbiased info


Look for the author's name, credentials and affiliation to give clues to the contents' quality and objectivity. You should expect the same information quality from a webpage as you would from a scholarly print or database source. For pages authored by organizations, look for the site's "About Us" section.


When was the page created or last updated?


Sources used for the page should be cited and working links provided for more information on the topic.


Trustworthy sites should not have spelling, grammatical, or factual errors.

For more information, see:

Wake Forest University -

UC Berkeley -