The copyright law of the United States (Title 17, United States Code) governs the making of photocopies or other reproductions of copyrighted material. Under certain conditions specified in the law, libraries and archives are authorized to furnish a photocopy or other reproduction. One of these specified conditions is that the photocopy or reproduction is not to be "used for any purpose other than private study, scholarship, or research." If a user makes a request for, or later uses, a photocopy or reproduction for purposes in excess of "fair use", that user may be liable for copyright infringement. This institution reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if, in its judgment, fulfillment of the order would involve violation of the copyright law.
Due to copyright law, the following restrictions apply:
The Fair Use guidelines for copyright law are broad in scope and can be difficult to interpret. For this reason, the Library has come up with the following recommendations:
- No more than 25% from a book
- One article from a journal issue
- Government publications
- Anything for which you own the copyright
- Anything in the public domain
- The first use of an item (journal article or book chapter) falls under the Fair Use Guidelines. However each subsequent use requires royalties to be paid to the copyright holder.
At this time, Boatwright Library obtains copyright permission for reserves posted through the library's e-reserve system through the Copyright Clearance Center. If you are posting scanned e-reserves directly into Blackboard and you need assistance with obtaining copyright permission for a work, please contact Esther Herdman (804-298-6625) in Boatwright library.
Faculty members are encouraged to use their classroom Blackboard accounts to create links to journal articles contained within Boatwright Library's electronic journals or databases. We either own or have permission to link directly to these numerous article databases. Learn how to link to articles online here